Unique identification project was initially conceived by the Planning Commission as an initiative that would provide identification for each resident across the country and would be used primarily as the basis for efficient delivery of welfare services. It would also act as a tool for effective monitoring of various programs and schemes of the Government.
a) The concept of a unique identification was first discussed and worked upon since 2006 when administrative approval for the project –"Unique ID for Below Poverty Line (BPL) families" was given on 03 March 2006 by the Department of Information Technology, Ministry of Communications and Information Technology. This project was to be implemented by the National Informatics Centre (NIC) over a period of 12 months. Subsequently, a Processes Committee to suggest processes for updation, modification, addition and deletion of data fields from the core database to be created under the Unique ID for below BPL project was set up on 03 July 2006. This was set up under the chairmanship of Dr. Arvind Virmani, Principal Adviser, Planning Commission.
b) A "Strategic Vision on the UIDAI Project" was prepared and submitted to this Committee by M/S Wipro Ltd (Consultant for the design phase and program management phase of the Pilot UIDAI project). It envisaged the close linkage that the UIDAI would have to the electoral database. The Committee also appreciated the need of a UIDAI Authority to be created by an executive order under the aegis of the Planning Commission to ensure a pan-departmental and neutral identity for the authority and at the same time enable a focused approach to attaining the goals set for the XI Plan. The Seventh Meeting of the Process Committee on 30 August 2007 decided to furnish to the Planning commission a detailed proposal based on the resource model for seeking its "in principle" approval.
c) At the same time, the Registrar General of India was engaged in the creation of the National Population Register and issuance of Multi-purpose National Identity Cards to citizens of India.
d) Therefore, it was decided, with the approval of the Prime Minister, to constitute an empowered group of Ministers (EGoM) to collate the two schemes – the National Population Register under the Citizenship Act, 1955 and the Unique Identification Number project of the Department of Information Technology. The EGoM was also empowered to look into the methodology and specific milestones for early and effective completion of the Project and take a final view on these. The EGoM was constituted on 04 December 2006.
• The first meeting of the EGoM was held on 27 November 2007. It recognised the need for creating an identity related resident database, regardless of whether the database is created based on a de-novo collection of individual data or is based on already existing data such as the voter list, there is a crucial and imperative need to identify and establish an institutional mechanism that will "own" the database and will be responsible for its maintenance and updating on an ongoing basis post its creation.
• The second meeting of the EGoM was held on 28 January 2008. It decided on the strategy for the collation of NPR and UIDAI. Inter-alia, the proposal to establish UIDAI Authority under the Planning Commission was approved.
• The third meeting of the EGoM was held on 07 August 2008. The Planning Commission had placed before the EGoM a detailed proposal for setting up UIDAI. The meeting decided that certain issues raised by the members with relation to the UIDAI (Annexure to the EGoM meeting proceedings) would need to be examined by an official level committee. It referred the matter to a Committee of Secretaries to examine and give its recommendations to the EGoM to facilitate a final decision.
• Subsequent to the Committee of Secretaries recommendations, the fourth meeting of the EGoM was held on 04 November 2008. The recommendations of the Committee of Secretaries were presented to the EGoM and the following decisions were taken.
a) Initially the UIDAI may be notified as an executive authority and investing it with statutory authority could be taken up for consideration later at an appropriate time.
b) UIDAI may limit its activities to creation of the initial database from the electoral roll/EPIC data. UIDAI may however additionally issue instructions to agencies that undertake creation of databases to ensure standardization of data elements.
c) UIDAI will take its own decision as to how to build the database.
d) UIDAI would be anchored in the Planning Commission for five years after which a view would be taken as to where the UIDAI would be located within Government.
e) Constitution of the UIDAI with a core team of 10 personnel at the central level and directed the Planning Commission to separately place a detailed proposal with the complete structure, rest of staff and organizational structure of UIDAI before the Cabinet Secretary for his consideration prior to seeking approval under normal procedure through the DoE/CCEA.
f) Approval to the constitution of the State UIDAI Authorities simultaneously with the Central UIDAI with a core team of 3 personnel.
g) December 2009 was given as the target date for UIDAI to be made available for usage by an initial set of authorized users.
h) Prior to seeking approval for the complete organizational structure and full component of staff through DoE and CCEA as per existing procedure, the Cabinet Secretary should convene a meeting to finalize the detailed organizational structure, staff and other requirements.
1.1: Subsequently, on 22 January 2009 the Cabinet Secretary in pursuance of the decisions of the Empowered Group of Ministers considered the proposal submitted by the Department of Information Technology regarding the governance structure and recommended that
a) The notification for constitution of the UIDAI should be issued immediately.
b) A High Level Advisory, Monitoring and Review Committee headed by Deputy Chairman, Planning Commission to be constituted to oversee the work of the authority.
c) A Member, Planning Commission or the Secretary, Planning Commission may also be assigned the task of looking after the work proposed for the Chief UIDAI Commissioner.
d) Core Team to be put in place.
1.2: In pursuance of the Empowered group of Ministers' fourth meeting dated 04 November 2008, the Unique Identification Authority of India was constituted and notified by the Planning Commission on 28 January 2009 as an attached office under the aegis of Planning Commission with an initial core team of 115 officials. The role and responsibilities of the UIDAI was laid down in this notification. The UIDAI was given the responsibility to lay down plan and policies to implement UIDAI scheme and shall own and operate the UIDAI database and be responsible for its updation and maintenance on an ongoing basis.
|Prime Minister's Council|
Prime Minister's Council on UIDAI Authority - Subsequently, on 02 July 2009, the Government appointed Shri. Nandan M. Nilekani as Chairman of the Unique Identification Authority of India, in the rank and status of a Cabinet Minister for an initial tenure of five years. Mr. Nilekani has joined the UIDAI as its Chairman on 23 July 2009. The Prime Minister's Council of UIDAI Authority of India was set up on 30 July 2009. The Council is to advise the UIDAI on Programme, methodology and implementation to ensure co-ordination between Ministries/Departments, stakeholders and partners. The Council would meet once every quarter. The First Meeting of the Prime Minister's Council of UIDAI Authority took place on 12 August 2009.
The salient decisions in the PMs council were as follows :
Need for legislative framework
Broad Endorsement of the Strategy
Budgetary Support to partners
Setting Biometric and Demographic Standards
UIDAI Structure Contours Approved
Flexibility in Personnel and other issues
Choose, Deploy and Repatriate Officers
Government Accommodation Eligibility
Broad-banding of posts
Hiring of professionals from Market
Setting up of Global Advisory Councils of PIOs
Interns and Sabbatical Global Procurement
The Government of India issued orders constituting the Cabinet Committee on UIDAI Authority on 22 October 2009. It is headed by the Honourable Prime Minister and consists of the Minister of Finance, Minister of Agriculture, Minister of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution, Minister of Home Affairs, Minister of External Affairs, Minister of Law and Justice, Minister of Communications and Information Technology, Minister of Labour and Employment, Minister of Human Resource Development, Minister of Rural Development and Panchayati Raj, Minister of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation and Minister of Tourism. The Deputy Chairman Planning Commission and Chairman UIDAI are special invitees. The functions of the Committee, which is headed by the Honourable PM would be as under :
All issues relating to the Unique identification Authority of India including its organisation, plans, policies, programmes, schemes, funding and methodology to be adopted for achieving the objectives of that Authority.
|Mandates and Objectives|
The Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) has been created as an attached office under the Planning Commission. Its role is to develop and implement the necessary institutional, technical and legal infrastructure to issue unique identity numbers to Indian residents.
On 25 June 2009, the Cabinet also created and approved the position of the Chairperson of the UIDAI, and appointed Mr. Nandan Nilekani as the first Chairperson in the rank and status of a Cabinet Minister. Mr. Ram Sewak Sharma has been appointed the Director General.
|Mission and Timeline|
The role that the Authority envisions is to issue a unique identification number (UIDAI) that can be verified and authenticated in an online, cost-effective manner, which is robust enough to eliminate duplicate and fake identities.The Timelines
The first UIDAI numbers will be issued over the next 12-18 months counted from August 2009. The first number would be issued between August 2010 to February 2011. Over five years, the Authority plans to issue 600 million UIDs. The numbers will be issued through various 'registrar' agencies across the country.
UIDAI was set up as an attached office of the Planning Commission through Notification dated 28.01.09 with a core team of 115 officers and staff. Under the Notification, 3 Posts (DG, DDG and ADG) were sanctioned for Headquarter with 35 UID commissioners in each of the States. It was thereafter decided to have Regional Offices in Bangalore, Chandigarh, Delhi, Hyderabad, Guwahati, Lucknow, Mumbai and Ranchi with their jurisdiction covering specific states across the country.A Technology Centre has been set up in Bangalore. 268 additional posts were created in September 2009. UIDAI at present has a total sanctioned strength of 383 officers and subordinate staff.
Headquarter's Organisation: The UIDAI is headquartered in Delhi with Shri Nandan Nilekani as the Chairman and Shri Vijay S Madan as the Director General and Mission Director. In the organizational design, the DG is to be assisted by seven Deputy Director Generals, officers of the level of Joint Secretary, who are in charge of various Wings. One of the DDGs heads the Finance Wing. The DDGs would be supported by 21 ADGs, 15 Deputy Directors, 15 Section Officers and 15 Assistants. The HQ has a total sanctioned strength of 146 number of officers and staff including the Accounts and IT branch. All the officers and staff have been appointed on deputation either under Central Staffing Scheme or through bilateral route. Of the sanctioned strength, 85 are in position at present. Appointments for the remaining vacancies are in process.
Regional Offices' Organisational Structure – Each of the Regional Offices is headed by a Deputy Director General (DDG). The support structure below comprises 4 ADGs, 3 Deputy Directors, 3 Section Officers, 1 Senior Accounts Officer and 1 Accountant and personal staff. The list of regional offices with the States/UT that they are covering is listed below:
List of Regional Offices
Head Office (HO)* Click on image for larger view
Regional Offices (RO)* Click on image for larger view
The Prime Minister is the Chairman of the Planning Commission, which works under the overall guidance of the National Development Council. The Deputy Chairman and the full time Members of the Commission, as a composite body, provide advice and guidance to the subject Divisions for the formulation of Five Year Plans, Annual Plans, State Plans, Monitoring Plan Programmes, Projects and Schemes.
Nandan Nilekani is currently the Chairman of the Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI)—which aims to provide a unique identification number for all residents of India—in the rank and status of a Cabinet Minister. Nandan Nilekani was most recently the co-chairman of the board of directors of Infosys Technologies Limited, which he co-founded in 1981. Serving as director on the company's board since its inception to July 2009, he has held various posts at Infosys, including chief executive officer and managing director, president, and chief operating officer.
Nilekani co-founded India's National Association of Software and Service Companies (NASSCOM) as well as the Bengaluru chapter of The IndUS Entrepreneurs (TiE). He is a member of the board of governors of the Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations (ICRIER) and the president of NCAER (the premier, independent, applied economics research institute in India).
Born in Bengaluru, Nilekani received his bachelor's degree in electrical engineering from the Indian Institute of Technology, Mumbai. He was named the Corporate Citizen of the Year at the Asia Business Leaders Award (2004) organized by CNBC. In 2005 he received the prestigious Joseph Schumpeter prize for innovative services in economy, economic sciences and politics.
He was awarded one of India's highest civilian honours, the Padma Bhushan, in 2006. In 2006 he was also named Businessman of the Year by Forbes Asia. Time magazine listed him as one of the 100 most influential people in the world in 2006 and 2009.
|DG and Mission Director|
Shri Vijay S Madan belongs to the Indian Administrative Service; he joined as the Director General and Mission Director of the Unique Identification Authority of India on 1 April 2013.
After completing his education (MBBS) from the University of Delhi, Shri Madan joined the IAS in 1981 and worked in positions of increasing responsibility in the Government, both at Central and State levels. He was involved in the establishment of India’s first Joint Venture Hospital project (Indraprastha Apollo Hospitals) in 1989, during the pre-liberalization era, when the concept of corporate hospitals was still in its nascent stage. As the founder Project Administrator of an ambulance service (CATS), he was responsible for establishment of the Institution as well as commissioning of its pilot project with 25 ambulances manned by multi-skilled personnel.
Shri Madan possesses experience of International Civil Service, having worked as Chief of Economic Policy (2001-02) in the Air Transport Bureau of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), a specialized agency of the United Nations. He earlier served as the Representative of India to the Council of ICAO (1996-99).
Interspersed with his two assignments at ICAO, he served twice in the Government of Goa, as Secretary and Commissioner in-charge of Finance, Industries, Power etc., and subsequently as Development Commissioner and Secretary to the Government, responsible for the departments relating to power, higher/ technical education, airports and information technology. During this period, Shri Madan was responsible for the incorporation of Goa Education Development Corporation (GEDC) as a Statutory Corporation, to establish educational estates in the State of Goa, and served as its first Executive Chairman.
As the Secretary-cum-Commissioner Transport (2005-06) under the Government of NCT of Delhi, Shri Madan was instrumental in establishing a Special Purpose Vehicle under the name of Delhi Integrated Multi-modal Transit Systems (DIMTS) and served as its first Managing Director. He held additional charge of Secretary Tourism and Public Relations during the period. Subsequently, Shri Madan worked in the Ministry of Culture where he held the positions of Additional Director General of Archaeological Survey of India (March 2007 to April 2009), Director General, National Museum (additional charge basis), and Joint Secretary (November 2008 to June 2012).
Prior to his current assignment, Shri Madan was posted as the Additional Secretary and Financial Advisor in the Department of Industrial Promotion and Policy, Ministry of Commerce and Industry. He held additional charge of the posts of AS & FA to the Ministries of Heavy Industries, MSME, and Department of Public Enterprises.
Technology Development Unit (TDU)
A Technology Development Unit (TDU) consisting of experts in various areas of operation including technology, legal framework, procurement of hardware and software etc. have been established. The units are supported by Volunteers, Resources and Sabbaticals.
Project Management Unit (PMU)
The Program Management Unit (PMU) has been set up given the need for a core team of experts in various areas of operation to kick-start the ID issuance process and provide guidance in the areas of technology, legal, procurement of hardware & software, preparation of detailed project report, awareness building etc. These professionals come with rich experience in their respective domains and have been engaged to advice the authority and work with consultants / service providers etc all on various aspects of the project – including development of prototypes, testing the proof of concept, building the technology platform, designing, communication and awareness programs etc.
The team has been established with the assistance of the National Institute of Smart Government (NISG) with whom the UIDAI has entered into an agreement on 30 November 2009. Twenty professionals are currently onboard in roles ranging from Technology, Legal, Communications and Procurement to Capacity Building, Process and Operations.
UIDAI Biometrics Centre of Competence (UBCC)
The UIDAI Biometrics Centre of Competence (UBCC) is being set up as a part of the organization needed to deliver on the mandate of issuing Unique IDs to all residents of India.
The UBCC will specify the initial biometrics system and from time to time enhance to introduce new technologies and best practices. UBCC will evaluate and characterize technology, devices, algorithms and processes to assess what and when specifications need to be revised or enhanced. It will push the state of art in Biometrics to achieve UIDAI's objectives. It will be a national resource to other departments for implementing UIDAI compatible biometrics systems.
It will attract and hire world-class biometrics talent. UBCC will build a key group of exceptional scientists and engineers.